(FROM: HUGHES R., A Manual of Pharmacodynamics (hs2) Preface to the fourth edition
- WHEN publishing (in 1875-6) the third edition of this Manual, I introduced it in the following words - "This work originally appeared in 1867, as the first part of a ' Manual of Homoeopathic Practice for students and beginners):

Arnica Montana

- The tincture of the British Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia is directed to be made either from the entire fresh plant, or from the dried flowers. - Arnica has been well proved.  Of these let us take first the best known,-its remedial action in mechanical injuries. - 1. This property of Arnica has come to be (in our own country at least) associated with homoeopathy. - But the method of Hahnemann cannot take credit for its discovery. - He himself tells us, in the preface to his proving, that it had become known to the "common man," and the plant named "Fallkraut" accordingly; and that two hundred years before his time, a physician (Fehr) communicated this discovery of domestic practice to the profession, who then named the herb panacea lapsorum. - The only credit homoeopathy can claim in connection with Arnica is that she has kept the tradition alive. - Satisfied with Hahnemann's inference from his provings, that " all the symptoms attending violent contusions and tearing of the fibres are analogically produced by Arnica in the healthy organisms," and with the fact noticed by the older observers that the pain's of such injuries were always at first aggravated by the full doses given, she has adopted the popular remedy into her list of similars. -   I have said that Arnica is to an injury what Aconite is to a chill : that is, it will almost infallibly obviate the ill-effects, if given before organic mischief has been set up. - It becomes thus the great remedy to be administered in all cases of concussion, sprain, or other suffering from violence. - It removes, as Hahnemann says, " the pernicious consequences which often attend falls, contusions, blows, thrusts, straining, twisting or tearing the solid parts of our organism." - But, unlike Aconite, it will follow up the cause to many of the changes it effects, even when of long standing and profound character. - Such are those instanced by Dr. Bayes in his interesting article on the drug, viz. the chronic muscular -stiffness-called rheumatism-of old labourers, * and the cardiac hypertrophy of boating men. - Mr. Nankivell has illustrated the same thing by some of the thoracic affections of the Cornish miners. * - The tissue affected in all these instances is the muscular; and upon this Arnica specially acts. - It is above all things a myotic. - I learn, from Dr. Imbert-Gourbeyre, that the great organopathist, Rademacher, makes a similar observation. - It thus becomes the main remedy for those numerous affections which Dr. Inman has so well described under the term myalgia. - Over-exertion of healthy muscles, or the normal use of weak muscles, will bring on these pains; and Arnica will almost infallibly relieve them.

From Boericke "Materia Medica with Repertory published 1927

Arnica Montana (leopard's bane)

* Produces conditions upon the system quite similar to those resulting from injuries, falls, blows, contusions. * Tinnitus aurium. * Putrid phenomena. * Septic conditions; prophylactic of pus infection. * Apoplexy, red, full face. It is especially suited to cases when any injury, however remote, seems to have caused the present trouble. Arnica is disposed to cerebral congestion. Acts best in plethoric, feebly in debilitated with impoverished blood, cardiac dropsy with dyspnoea. A muscular tonic. Traumatism of grief, remorse or sudden realization of financial loss. Limbs and body ache as if beaten; joints as if sprained. Bed feels too hard. Marked effect on the blood. Affects the venous system inducing stasis. Echymosis and haemorrhages. Relaxed blood vessels, black and blue spots. Tendency to haemorrhage and low-fever states. Tendency to tissue degeneration, septic conditions, abscesses that do not mature. Neuralgias originating in disturbances of pneumo-gastric. Rheumatism of muscular and tendinous tissue, especially of back and shoulders. Aversion to tobacco. Thrombosis. Haematocele. Mind - Fears touch, or the approach of anyone. - Unconscious; when spoken to answers correctly, but relapses. - Indifference; inability to perform continuous active work; morose, delirious. - Nervous; cannot bear pain; whole body oversensitive. - Says there is nothing the matter with him. - Wants to be let alone. - Agoraphobia (fear of space). - After mental strain or shock. Head - Hot, with cold body; confused; sensitiveness of brain, with sharp, pinching pains. - Scalp feels contracted. - Cold spot on forehead. - Chronic vertigo; objects whirl about especially when walking. Eyes - Diplopia from traumatism, muscular paralysis, retinal haemorrhage. - Bruised, sore feeling in eyes after close work. - Must keep eyes open. - Dizzy on closing them. - Feel tired and weary after sight-seeing, moving pictures, etc. Ears - Noises in ear caused by rush of blood to the head. - Shooting in and around ears. - Blood from ears. - Dullness of hearing after concussion. - Pain in cartilages of ears as if bruised. Nose - Bleeding after every fit of coughing, dark fluid blood. - Nose feels sore; cold. Mouth - Fetid breath. - Dry and thirsty. - Bitter taste. [Colocy.] - Taste as from bad eggs. - Soreness of gums after teeth extraction. [Sepia.] - Empyema of maxillary sinus. Face - Sunken; very red. - Heat in lips. - Herpes in face. Stomach - Longing for vinegar. - Distaste for milk and meat. - Canine hunger. - Vomiting of blood. - Pain in stomach during eating. - Repletion with loathing. - Oppressive gases pass upward and downward. - Pressure as from a stone. - Feeling as if stomach were pressing against spine. Fetid vomiting. Abdomen - Stitches under false ribs. - Distended; offensive flatus. - Sharp thrusts through abdomen. Stool - Straining of tenesmus in diarrhoea. Offensive, brown, bloody, putrid, involuntary. - Looks like brown yeast. - Must lie down after every stool. - Diarrhoea of consumption; worse lying on left side. - Dysenteric stools with muscular pains. Urine - Retained from over-exertion. - Dark brick-red sediment. - Vesical tenesmus with very painful micturition. Female - Bruised parts after labor. - Violent after-pains. - Uterine haemorrhage from mechanical injury after coition. - Sore nipples. - Mastitis from injury. - Feeling as if foetus were lying crosswise. Respiratory - Coughs depending on cardiac lesion, paroxysmal, at night, during sleep, worse exercise. - Acute tonsillitis, swelling of soft palate and uvula. - Pneumonia; approaching paralysis. - Hoarseness from overuse of voice. - Raw, sore feeling in morning. - Cough produced by weeping and lamenting. - Dry, from tickling low down in trachea. - Bloody expectoration. - Dyspnoea with haemoptysis. - All bones and cartilages of chest painful. - Violent spasmodic cough, with facial herpes. - Whooping cough, child cries before coughing. - Pleurodynia [Ranunc.; Cimicif.] Heart - Angina pectoris; pain especially severe in elbow of left arm. - Stitches in heart. - Pulse feeble and irregular. - Cardiac dropsy with distressing dyspnoea. - Extremities distended, feel bruised and sore. - Fatty heart and hypertrophy. Extremities - Gout. - Great fear of being touched or approached. - Pain in back and limbs, as if bruised or beaten. - Sprained and dislocated feeling. - Soreness after overexertion. - Everything on which he lies seems too hard. - Deathly coldness of forearm. - Cannot walk erect, on account of bruised pain in pelvic region. - Rheumatism begins low down and works up. [Ledum.] Skin - Black and blue. - Itching, burning, eruption of small pimples. - Crops of small boils. [Ichthyol; Silica.] Ecchymosis. - Bed sores. [Bovinine locally.] - Acne indurata, characterized by symmetry in distribution. Sleep - Sleepless and restless when overtired. - Comatose drowsiness; awakens with hot head; dreams of death, mutilated bodies, anxious and terrible. - Horrors in the night. - Involuntary stools during sleep. Fever - Febrile symptoms closely related to typhoid. - Shivering over whole body. - Heat and redness of head, with coolness of rest of body. - Internal heat; feet and hands cold. - Nightly sour sweats. Modalities - Worse, least touch; motion; rest; wine; damp cold. - Better, lying down, or with head low. Relationship - Antidotes : Camph. - Vitex trifolia. - - Indian Arnica. (Sprains and pains, headache in temples, pain in joints; pain in abdomen; pain in testicles.) - Complementary : Acon.; Ipec. - Compare : Acon.; Bapt.; Bellis; Hamam; Rhus.; Hyperic. Dose - Third to thirtieth potency. - Locally, the tincture, but should never be applied hot or at all when abrasions or cuts are present.